A Brazilian agriculture ministry official said on Thursday, July 14, the country’s corn may only be exported to China next year because of demands made by Beijing concerning trade protocols.
According to Jose Guilherme Leal, agriculture defense secretary at the ministry, Beijing has requested the monitoring of a few weeds and fungi in corn crops and called it a normal request in agreements of sanitary agreements and protocols.
“The protocol provides for the need for monitoring and information on production. As we did not monitor the current second corn crop, I reaffirm that exports will only be possible from the 2022-23 summer crop onwards,” Leal said.
The Brazilian agriculture ministry corroborated Leal’s comments in an emailed message to Reuters.
Leal mentioned Brazilian corn growers who want to export to China will have to adapt and report the conditions of the crop and the products utilized to fight pests and diseases before the ministry will be able to confirm shipments.
China announced it would complete the signing of the quarantine agreement for imports of Brazilian corn without giving a specific timeline.
Cesario Ramalho, the head of institutional affairs at corn farmer group Abramilho, told a media conference last week that agriculture ministry officials were in negotiations with China about the approval of specific types of transgenic corn cultivated in Brazil.
The ministry did not provide an immediate remark.
Ramalho added that shipments have not started, as negotiations are ongoing for China to accept certain types of transgenic corn that Brazilian farmers already plant with permission from Brazilian biosecurity agency CTNBio.
China’s customs authority in May finalized a deal to permit imports of Brazilian corn, setting up an alternative to United States corn.
Brazil, one of the world’s biggest producer and exporter of corn, also sells the product to Iran, Japan, Mexico and the European Union. Ramalho said the country should continue to export corn to as many markets as possible to prevent dependence on a single buyer.
China purchases about half of Brazil’s exported meat and around 80 percent of its soy exports annually.
Brazilian corn thrives amid conflict in Ukraine
Meanwhile, Brazilian corn exports through the southern ports in Parana state have soared 221 percent in the first half of the year.
“With the conflict, Ukraine, which exports corn at this time of year, is unable to ship. Thus, countries have to look for corn in other origins, including Brazil,” stated a Paranagua port authority release on Monday, July 18.
The Paranagua port authority said that from January to June, 1.9 million tons of corn were delivered through the ports in Parana state, up from 591,538 tons during the same period last year. Data indicates that the South American nation is on track to export about 37.5 million tons this year, up about 80 percent from 2021.
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